For every man who wants to live a healthy life, getting the right screening test at the right time is one of the best things he can do for his health.
Doctors check on your health and if you have any health condition, it is best to find out early enough so you can start treating it. However, the test you need are based on your age and other factors.
Below are essential test every man needs.
1.Lung Cancer: Most lung cancers are caused by smoking, but people exposed to secondhand smoke over a long period of time can get it too, as well as people who don’t smoke at all or haven’t been exposed to a lot of secondhand smoke.
Not smoking and avoiding secondhand smoke are the best ways to lower your risk. You undergo a low-dose CT scan (a type of x-ray that takes pictures of your lungs) to test for lung cancer. It is recommended for people between the ages of 55 and 80 who have a history of heavy smoking.
2. Type 2 Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, impotence, and nerve damage. If found early enough, you can control your diabetes and avoid complications with diet, exercise, and medications.
A fast plasma glucose test is often used to screen for diabetes. Healthy adults should undergo the test every three years starting at age 45, while people with high blood pressure or high cholesterol should start testing earlier and often.
3. Testicular Cancer: It is an uncommon cancer that is usually seen in men between the ages of 20 and 54 . It can be treated if found early. A testicular test is part of a man’s routine checkup. Doctors also advise that men do self-examination for changes in the size and shape of testes, bumps, and lumps.
4. Glaucoma is a group of eye disease that gradually damage the optic nerve and may lead to blindness. The test is done to look for high pressure within the eye and to find and treat glaucoma before it damages the optic nerve. An eye test for glaucoma is done based on age and personal risk.
5. High blood pressure: This is also known as hypertension, and your chances of getting it are tied to your age, weight, and lifestyle. A good number of people have high blood pressure but don’t know it.
However, it is treatable and changing your diet and exercise habit can make a huge difference. They may help you avoid kidney failure, stroke, and heart disease.
6. Prostate Cancer: It tends to be a slow-growing cancer, but some types are more aggressive. A screening test may help find the disease early. Screening for healthy men may include a prostate-specific antigen blood test.
7. Colorectal Cancer: Most colon cancers develop from growths called polyps on the inner surface of the colon. It is very important to detect and remove colon cancer before it becomes cancerous.
For most people, screening begins at age 50, but if you are at high risk, screening begins earlier.