Kidney stones can be quite painful, but certain dietary choices can help prevent their formation. Here are five foods that can play a role in reducing the risk of kidney stones:
While not a food, proper hydration is crucial. Drinking an adequate amount of water helps dilute urine and prevents mineral buildup that can lead to kidney stone formation.
2. Citrus Fruits.
Citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, and grapefruits are high in citrate, a natural inhibitor of kidney stone formation. Citrate helps prevent crystals from forming and sticking together.
3. Leafy Greens.
Foods like spinach, kale, and Swiss chard are rich in calcium and magnesium, which can bind to oxalates in the intestines, reducing their absorption and lowering the risk of calcium oxalate stones.
4. Low Oxalate Foods.
Some kidney stones are formed from oxalate crystals. Avoiding high-oxalate foods like spinach, beets, and nuts, and opting for low-oxalate alternatives can help prevent oxalate-based stones.
5. Dairy Products.
Moderate consumption of low-fat dairy products can provide calcium and other nutrients that help bind oxalates in the digestive tract, preventing them from reaching the kidneys.