Blood rarely leaks out of the body in its direct form, and when this occurs, there is a need for a thorough medical examination. This leads us to find out some of the possible reasons why some men may find blood in their male reproductive fluid and when to see a doctor.
Medically, haematospermia (i.e., blood in semen) usually occurs when a blood vessel along the male reproductive tract breaks and leaks and is primarily characterised by painful ejaculation and urination, red swelling, and tenderness of the scrotal sac and the groin. Let’s quickly take a look at five (5) causes of haematospermia.
1. According to healthline, if the bladder, urethra, and seminal vesicles like the prostate and epididymis are inflamed by stones (calculi), tumors, and vascular abnormalities, haematospermia may result.
2. Taking an accidental hard hit around the groin, especially at the testicles, during sports or other activities may cause blood to be seen in your male reproductive fluid.
3. Blood in semen can be caused by medical or surgical procedures such as a prostate biopsy or a vasectomy (also known as vasoligation), which involve the sealing and cutting of the vas deferens.
4. Just like inflammation, viral, bacterial (STIs or STDs, e.g., herpes, gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia), or fungal infections to any of the organs along the male reproductive tract could cause blood to be seen in the fluid.
5. Individuals who are older than 40 years of age are prone to prostate enlargement, and this obstruction places more pressure on the urethra, thus causing haematospermia.
Haematospermia can be medically diagnosed by taking prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Urine alysis, STI tests, a physical examination, as well as ultrasound scanning screening tests that could prove to be useful too.
For individuals under 40 years old, the blood in the fluid may disappear by itself, but if it persists after a short while, quickly consult with a urologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.