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Top 10 Gold-Producing Countries Across The Globe

Gold, a symbol of wealth and prosperity, has captured the human imagination for millennia. This precious metal, mined on every continent except Antarctica, is used in a variety of industries such as jewelry and electronics, as well as as a safe-haven asset during times of economic turmoil.

Gold prices skyrocketed in 2023, fueled by geopolitical tensions and economic uncertainty. As demand for gold soars, let’s look at the top countries that contribute to global production.

1. China
China is the world leader in gold output, with an estimated 375.16 metric tons mined in 2023. The People’s Bank of China increased its gold holdings by 225 tons, while gold consumption increased by 8.78%, reaching 1,089.69 metric tons. This surge in production and consumption emphasizes China’s key involvement in the global gold markets.

2. Russia
Russia, the world’s second-largest gold producer, extracted 324.7 tons in 2022. Since 2010, the country has been Europe’s largest gold provider, with its gold sector playing an important role in the European market. Russia’s gold holdings have topped $150 billion, demonstrating its importance in the global precious metals market.

3. Australia
Australia is the world’s third-largest gold producer, with 313.9 metric tons in 2022. The country is home to Western Australia’s famous Golden Mile, one of the richest gold resources. Australia’s gold exports were $25.8 billion in 2022, demonstrating its major contribution to the world gold market.

4. Canada
In 2022, Canada continued to be one of the top five global gold producers, producing an anticipated 194.5 metric tons. The country is well-known for its environmentally clean mining operations, with Ontario and Quebec accounting for the majority of its gold output. Between 2024 and 2030, gold production in Canada is expected to expand at a 4% yearly rate.

5. United States
The United States ranks fifth in global gold production, at 172.7 tons. With a rich history extending back to the California Gold Rush, the United States has experienced a rebound in gold output in recent decades. The majority of current output happens in Nevada, establishing the United States as a major player in the world gold market.

6. Ghana
Ghana, renowned for its rich culture and historical ties to gold, saw a 32% increase in gold production in 2022, recovering its status as Africa’s leading producer. The nation’s mining sector, notably gold mining, is critical to the economy and contributes significantly to GDP.

7. Peru
Peru, with a history of strong silver production, has emerged as a major player in the world gold market. The country produced 125.7 tons of gold, aided by recent technological advances and market reforms. Peru’s mineral sector is expanding, making it a key player in the renewable energy sector.

8. Indonesia
Indonesia produced almost 125 tons of gold in 2022, with the Grasberg Gold Mine having the world’s highest gold reserve. The country’s gold jewelry business is especially thriving, reflecting Indonesia’s enormous influence on the worldwide gold market.

9. Mexico
Mexico’s gold production totaled 124 tons, a 7.5% decline from 2021. The country remains a major player in the world gold market, and its mining sector maintains a positive trade balance. Mexico’s constant output reflects its historical role in gold production.

10. Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan contributed more than 110 tons to worldwide gold production in 2022, primarily from the Muruntau mine, the world’s largest open-pit gold mine. The country emerged as a top gold seller, demonstrating its substantial influence on the world gold market.