High blood pressure, is a common and possibly life-threatening health problem. It has a massive global impact, affecting millions of people and putting them at high risk for things like cardiovascular disease and stroke. Knowing the symptoms of hypertension and the varied ranges of blood pressure is essential for avoiding the start of the disease and keeping it under control. To help you recognize and keep this silent killer under control, here are symptoms of hypertension and the classifications of blood pressure according to an article written by Healthline.
Here are Red Flags for High Blood Pressure.
Hypertension is known as the “silent killer” due to the fact that it rarely shows any outward symptoms. Still, there are hints here and there that can act as red flags indicating the presence of hypertension. These cautionary indicators include.
Although headaches are a frequent complaint, chronic and recurrent headaches may be a sign of hypertension. In the event that you suffer morning headaches on a regular basis that you cannot pinpoint, it is recommended that you visit your doctor to have your blood pressure examined.
Hypertensive retinopathy, a disorder in which damage occurs to the blood vessels in the retina, can cause vision impairment due to hypertension. Some symptoms include a sudden blurring or shaking of the eyes. See a doctor right away if you experience any changes in your eyesight.
One of the symptoms of high blood pressure is dizziness or vertigo, especially upon standing. If you have these symptoms on a regular basis, you should get your blood pressure checked.
Weakness in the ability to pump blood efficiently from the heart can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath. Exertion and physical exercise in particular can bring on this symptom of difficulty breathing. Hypertension might develop if you notice an increase in how often you need to stop and catch your breath, especially when doing everyday tasks.
Pounding in the Chest, Neck or Ears: If you experience pounding in the chest, neck, or ears on a frequent basis, it may be an indication of high blood pressure. Hypertension has been linked to pulsatile tinnitus, which is caused by increased pressure in the blood vessels.
Extreme weariness and weakness without apparent cause may indicate elevated blood pressure. Extreme fatigue and weakness may occur without any apparent physical exertion if blood flow and oxygen supply to the tissues are disrupted due to hypertension.
Here are some categories of Blood Pressure
The higher figure, known as systolic pressure, depicts the force exerted by the blood against the artery walls during a cardiac contraction, while the lower number, known as diastolic pressure, indicates the pressure during the heart’s resting phase between beats. Following are the blood pressure ranges specified by the American Heart Association:
When measured in millimeters of mercury, the systolic measurement should be less than 120 mm Hg and the diastolic reading should be less than 80 mm Hg for blood pressure to be considered normal. A decreased incidence of cardiovascular disease and stroke is shown in those within this range.
Having a systolic pressure of 120–129 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of less than 80 mm Hg is diagnostic of hypertension, often known as high blood pressure. A increased chance of developing hypertension in the future, but not severe enough to be diagnosed as hypertension at current time.
If your blood pressure is between 130 and 139 millimeters of mercury on the systolic reading, or 80 and 89 millimeters of mercury on the diastolic reading, you have stage 1 hypertension. Changing one’s diet and getting more exercise are two examples of what can be done to lower blood pressure at this point in time.
If your blood pressure is over 140/90 mm Hg (systolic and diastolic respectively), then you have stage 2 hypertension. At this point, hypertension management often necessitates medical intervention, such as dietary adjustments and medication.
A hypertensive crisis develops when blood pressure abruptly rises above 180/120 mm Hg. There is an urgent need for medical assistance. Sudden and severe headaches, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and nosebleeds are all possible signs of a hypertensive crisis.
Many people suffer from hypertension, and if it isn’t treated it can have dire consequences. Although high blood pressure seldom causes any noticeable symptoms, knowing what to look for might help you treat it sooner rather than later. Those who are at risk for hypertension because of factors including weight, inactivity, or a family history of the disease should monitor their blood pressure regularly. Learning about the different blood pressure ranges allows people to take preventative measures against developing hypertension and to properly manage the illness, leading to a longer, healthier, and more satisfying life.